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UK PARLIMENT REJECTS REFERENDUM ON EU MEMBERSHIP

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LONDON, U.K. — Parliament rejected a call for a referendum on leaving the European Union yesterday, but a large-scale revolt against Prime Minister David Cameron hurt his authority and cast doubt on the country’s long-term commitment to Europe.
Around 80 members of Cameron’s Conservative Party — more than a quarter of the total — defied their leader by voting for the motion, the biggest revolt against a Conservative prime minister on a European issue.
  • “We understand that many people who voted for it felt very strongly and we respect that. However, the government has to do what is in the national interest.... Britain’s best interests are served by being in the EU,” a statement from Cameron’s office said after the vote.
  • The motion carried no legal weight, but the rebellion, the biggest of Cameron’s 17-month old government, raised the prospect of a return of Conservative divisions over Europe that dogged former Prime Minister John Major in the 1990s.
  • Cameron had ordered his predominantly euro-sceptic Conservative Party to reject the motion, arguing that Britain needs a strong voice in Europe to safeguard its interests as the euro zone tackles a debt crisis.
  • The disunity embarrasses the prime minister and weakens his hand as he fights to keep Britain at the forefront of talks to reform the euro zone. Cameron wants Britain to remain in the EU while clawing back powers from Brussels.
  • He is due to attend an emergency European Council meeting on the euro zone crisis tomorrow.
  • “It’s obviously a major embarrassment .... The key thing is whether they’re going to start rebelling on other issues as well, then that really turn the drama into a crisis,” said Tim Bale, politics professor at Sussex University, adding that there was no sign of further rebellions so far.
  • “I would have thought there will be some partners in Europe who will be concerned about Britain’s long-term commitment to the EU as a whole because of this,” he said.
  • After more than five hours of fractious debate, the referendum call was easily defeated by 483-111 thanks to votes against from the Conservatives’ pro-European Liberal Democrat coalition partners and opposition Labour politicians.
Supporters of EU membership say Britain does 40 per cent of its trade with the euro zone and that leaving the EU could damage the economy.
Euro-sceptics dismiss such fears, and say Britain has handed too many powers to the European Union, which they see as undemocratic, over-regulated and a brake on economic growth.
Source: Agency
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